Making rubber molds and multiple castings of 3-D prints made with SLA is often a goal of model makers. As 3-D printing technology using SLA resin continues to evolve, there are best mold making practices that can help you be successful. The following guide developed by Smooth-On’s Phil Avery will hopefully help you save time and money.
Both tin-catalyzed (condensation cure) and platinum-catalyzed (addition cure) silicone rubbers are used to make molds of 3D printed models made with UV cured resin. There are advantages and disadvantages to both.
Platinum silicones offer the advantage of dimensional stability and long-term library life. However, platinum silicones are more subject to cure inhibition against a UV cure resin model that is not fully cured.
Smooth-On platinum cure silicones will work against most SLA 3D print models with one caveat; the printed model must be fully UV cured. When models are done printing, they are not fully cured.
Cleaning and Curing Procedure:
Applying a Sealing Agent – Referencing the columns below, recommended sealing agents are XTC-3D™ epoxy coating or Krylon Crystal Clear Acrylic Spray (Gloss). Using very little material, XTC-3D™ coating will leave a smooth, glass-like finish on the surface of the 3D model. Krylon Acrylic Spray is widely available. However, it will leave a slight texture on the surface. Apply sealer and let fully dry.
Applying a Release Agent – Referencing the columns below, some mold rubbers require application of a release agent only (Ease Release™ 200) to all surfaces of the fully UV cured model. Apply a light mist coating of Ease Release™ 200 to all model surfaces. This will help minimize scuffs and scratches and improve the surface finish significantly. It will also make demolding the model from the rubber mold easier. After applying the release agent allow it to dry fully then proceed to mold your model.
|MOLD RUBBER||Ease Release™ 200||XTC +200||KRYLON +200|
|Mold Star™ 15 Slow||Not Recommended||Good||Good|
|Mold Star™ 16 Fast||Not Recommended||Good||Good|
|Mold Star™ 30||Good||Good||Good|
|Mold Star™ 19T||Not Recommended||Good||Good|
|Mold Star™ 20T||Good||Good||Not Recommended|
|Mold Star™ 31T||Not Recommended||Good||Good|
|Dragon Skin™ 10 VF||Not Recommended||Good||Good|
|Dragon Skin™ 10 Fast||Not Recommended||Good||Good|
|Dragon Skin™ 10 Med||Not Recommended||Good||Good|
|Dragon Skin™ 10 Slow||Not Recommended||Good||Good|
|Dragon Skin™ 10 NV||Not Recommended||Good||Good|
|Dragon Skin™ 20||Not Recommended||Good||Good|
|Dragon Skin™ 30||Not Recommended||Good||Good|
|Dragon Skin™ FX PRO||Good||Good||Good|
|Ecoflex™ 00-20||Not Recommended||Good||Good|
|Ecoflex™ 00-30||Not Recommended||Good||Good|
|Smooth-Sil™ 936||Good||Good||Not Recommended|
|Smooth-Sil™ 940||Good||Good||Not Recommended|
|Smooth-Sil™ 945||Good||Good||Not Recommended|
|Smooth-Sil™ 960||Not Recommended||Good||Good|
|SORTA-Clear™ 12||Not Recommended||Good||Good|
|SORTA-Clear™ 18||Not Recommended||Good||Good|
|SORTA-Clear™ 40||Good||Good||Not Recommended|
|Body Double™ Standard||Good||Good||Good|
|Body Double™ Fast||Good||Good||Good|
|Body Double™ Silk||Good||Good||Good|
|EZ-Brush™ Vac Bag||Good||Good||Good|
Note: For extraordinarily complicated models, using Smooth-On’s ‘Inhibit X™’ is an option and can help if you experience cure inhibition in your mold. Inhibit X™ is only for use with platinum cure silicone.
Advantages - Tin cure silicones are far less likely to be inhibited by UV cure resin which makes it a good choice when molding an SLA print. A tin catalyzed silicone will also yield approximately the same amount of castings from a similar platinum cure mold at a lower cost. But it does have some disadvantages when compared to platinum cure silicone.
Disadvantages - Tin cure silicone has a shorter library life than platinum cure silicone. Tin cure silicone needs to be mixed by weight and require the use of a gram scale making it less convenient and slightly more difficult to use. Tin cure silicones are also very thick and require vacuum degassing before pouring over any model. By comparison, many platinum cure silicones are lower in viscosity and are easier to measure/mix with 1 to 1 mix ratios by volume.
Making a Mold of Your 3D Print Using Tin-Catalyzed Silicone - Models should be fully UV cured before applying silicone mold rubber. Sealing is optional. Apply a light mist coating of Ease Release™ 200 to all model surfaces. This will help minimize scuffs and scratches and improve the surface finish significantly. It will also make demolding the model from the rubber mold easier. After applying the release agent allow it to dry fully then proceed to mix and pour mold rubber.
Note - If you are making UV resin prints with the goal of med sim or prosthetic applications, tin catalyzed silicone cannot be used if the final parts/pieces are to be cast in a platinum cure silicone such as Dragon Skin™ or Ecoflex™. Tin cure and platinum cure silicones are not compatible and cannot be used together.