Flame Out™ is a low viscosity, fast set casting resin that meets UL 94 V-O requirements for flame resistance. It does not contain mercury, TDI or MOCA. Mix ratio is 1A:1B by volume. Pot life is 2.5 min. and demold time is 10 min. at 73°F / 23°C (depending on mass).
Fully cured Flame Out™ material is tough, durable, machinable and paintable. It has much higher physical and performance properties than any other flame rated urethane available anywhere. Vibrant colors and color effects are possible by adding SO-Strong™ color tints. Applications for Flame Out™ include making flame resistant prototype and architectural models, model toys, theme park and stage elements, durable miniatures and special effect props. Material can also be used for potting and encapsulation applications.
Materials should be stored and used in a warm environment (73° F / 23° C). This product has a limited shelf life and should be used as soon as possible. All liquid urethanes are moisture sensitive and will absorb atmospheric moisture. Mixing tools and containers should be clean and made of metal, glass or plastic. Mixing should be done in a well-ventilated area. Wear safety glasses, long sleeves and rubber gloves to minimize contamination risk.
Because no two applications are the same, a small test application to determine suitability for your project is recommended if performance of this material is in question.
Applying A Release Agent - A release agent is necessary to facilitate demolding when casting into or over most surfaces. Use a release agent made specifically for mold making (Universal™ Mold Release or Mann’s Ease Release™ 200 available from Smooth-On or your Smooth-On distributor). A liberal coat of release agent should be applied onto all surfaces that will contact the plastic
IMPORTANT: To ensure thorough coverage, apply release and brush with a soft brush over all surfaces. Follow with a light mist coating and let the release agent dry for 30 minutes.
Smooth-On silicone rubber molds usually do not require a release agent when casting urethane resin into the mold. Applying a release agent will prolong the life of the mold.
Pre-mix Part A and Part B before dispensing.
Measuring - The proper mixing ratio of Flame Out™ is 1 Part A to 1 Part B by volume. Dispense equal amounts into a mixing container.
If tinting or pigmenting Flame Out™, add color to Part B and mix thoroughly before adding Part. A.
Mixing - Stir deliberately making sure that you scrape the sides and bottom of the mixing container several times. Be careful not to splash low viscosity material out of container.
IMPORTANT: Shelf life of product is reduced after opening. Remaining product should be used as soon as possible. Immediately replacing the lids on both containers after dispensing product will help prolong the shelf life of the unused product. XTEND-IT™ Dry Gas Blanket (available from Smooth-On) will significantly prolong the shelf life of unused liquid urethane products.
Pouring - If casting Flame Out™ into a rubber mold, pour mixture in a single spot at the lowest point of the mold. If encapsulating an object, do not pour the mixture directly over the object.
Let the mixture seek its level. A uniform flow will help minimize entrapped air.
For Best Results . . . Best results are obtained using a pressure casting technique. After pouring the mixed compound, the entire casting assembly (mold, dam structure, etc.) is placed in a pressure chamber and subjected to 60 PSI (4.2 kg/cm2) air pressure for 1 hour.
Curing - Important: Use this product with at least room size ventilation or in proximity to a forced outlet air vent and do not inhale/breath fumes. Fumes, which may be visible with a significant mass concentration, will quickly dissipate with adequate ventilation. Castings with significant mass may be hot to the touch and irritate skin immediately following cure. Let casting cool to room temperature before handling.
Demold time of the finished casting depends on mass and mold configuration. Low mass or thin-walled castings will take longer to cure than castings with higher mass concentration.
If making rotational or hollow castings, backfilling with a rigid foam (Foam-iT! 5 or other) will provide lightweight reinforcement. Foam backfilling is recommended if castings will be subjected to temperatures above 85°F / 30°C.
Post Curing - Post curing is recommended if castings are thin or of low mass concentration. Castings should be post cured in a mold or support structure. Allow the material to cure for 1 hour at room temperature followed by 2 hours at 150 - 160°F (65 - 72°C). The casting or part should be allowed to cool to room temperature before handling.
Performance - Cured castings of Flame Out™ are rigid and durable. They resist moisture, moderate heat, solvents, dilute acids and can be machined, primed/painted or bonded to other surfaces (any release agent must be removed). Castings can be displayed outdoors after priming and painting.